The History of the Jumping Jack

Jumping Jack

Whilst not the most effective form of training out there, chances are all of us will have done countless jumping jacks as kids. Indeed, Jumping Jacks were often the staple exercises for countless PE teachers, alongside the dreaded burpee.

So who did invent the Jumping Jack and how did it become so popular?

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The Bloody History of the Intercontinental Cup

Intercontinental_Cup_Borussia_Dortmund

 

From 1960 to 2004 UEFA and their counterparts in South America were responsible for the Intercontinental Cup, an annual tournament that pitted the winners of the European Champion Clubs’ Cup against the winners of the Copa Libertadores. In part driven by lofty ideals of creating a closer footballing family, the first decade of the Cup was troublesome to say the least. By the end of the ‘60s, the Cup had become synonymous with bloodshed, sendings off and misbehaving fans. Sadly it could have been so different.

Indian Clubs in Victorian Britain

Indian_clubs

Fitness crazes are unsurprisingly not a new phenomenon and in light of that fact, today we will discuss the growth of the Indian Club craze in Victorian England. Indian Clubs are bottle-shaped wooden clubs that are swung in the hand using a range of movements for the purpose of gymnastic exercise. Whilst they have been used for centuries in India and the Middle East both in people’s homes and in private gymnasia to develop strength, speed and flexibility, this form of exercise entered into Western consciousness relatively recently with British soldiers ‘discovering’ the exercises in the early 19th century when based in colonial India. The spread of the Club’s popularity in Victorian Britain was as rapid as it was fascinating.