Fascist Physical Culture in 1930s Germany

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IzjaUsIjsN4 In 1930s Europe, especially in the first half of the decade, the government sponsored fitness campaigns found in fascist regimes garnered a great deal of envy. As Charlotte MacDonald detailed in her fantastic work on the subject, democratic states like Britain, France and the United States were simultaneously fearful and fascinated by the implications... Continue Reading →

Up in Smoke: The Nazi Anti-Tobacco Campaign

‘So many excellent men have been lost to tobacco poisoning.’  Adolf Hitler, 1942 Much historical study has been conducted into addressing the atrocities committed by the Nazi Regime from 1933 to 1945. However, considerably less attention has been dedicated to the Nazi anti-tobacco campaign, a relatively benign government policy, which importantly, was one of the... Continue Reading →

Hakoah Wien and Muscular Judaism

Is there a Jewish style of football? Once upon a time this question would have been answered definitively. Yes. In the early 1900s, Hakoah Vienna or Hakoah Wien were a dominant force in Austrian football who were staunchly proud of their Jewish roots. From 1909 to 1938, Wien rose up the ranks in Austrian football... Continue Reading →

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